Azulfidine – Uses, Side Effects, and Dosage of Sulfasalazine for Inflammatory Conditions


Price: $0,88 per pill

Active Ingredient: Sulfasalazine

Dosage: 500mg

Description of Azulfidine

Azulfidine is a brand-name medication that contains the active ingredient sulfasalazine. This medication falls under the category of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and is commonly prescribed to manage various inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Uses of Azulfidine

  • Azulfidine is primarily used to treat inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
  • It is also prescribed for managing symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders.

Mechanism of Action

Azulfidine works by reducing inflammation in the body. The sulfasalazine component is broken down into two parts, sulfapyridine and 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA). These components help to decrease inflammation in the intestines and joints, thereby alleviating symptoms of the conditions it is prescribed for.

Side Effects of Azulfidine

  • Common side effects of Azulfidine include nausea, vomiting, headache, and stomach upset.
  • Serious side effects may include liver problems, blood disorders, and allergic reactions.

It is important to consult a healthcare provider before taking Azulfidine to discuss potential side effects and drug interactions.

Survey Data on Azulfidine Usage

Survey Results Percentage
Patients who found Azulfidine effective 85%
Reported side effects 20%

According to a recent survey, 85% of patients reported Azulfidine to be effective in managing their condition, while 20% experienced some side effects.

For more information on Azulfidine, you can visit the RxList website.

Description of Azulfidine:

Azulfidine is a brand name for the generic medication sulfasalazine, a widely used treatment for inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis and rheumatoid arthritis. It falls under the category of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), which are crucial in managing chronic autoimmune diseases.

Derived from sulfapyridine and 5-aminosalicylic acid, Azulfidine works by reducing inflammation in the body and modifying the body’s response to disease. It is particularly effective in treating conditions where the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues, causing pain and inflammation.

Key Facts about Azulfidine:

  • Mode of Action: Azulfidine acts by inhibiting certain enzymes involved in the inflammatory process, thereby reducing pain and swelling.
  • Administration: Typically taken orally in tablet form, Azulfidine may be adjusted based on individual response and tolerability.
  • Common Side Effects: Like many medications, Azulfidine can cause side effects such as nausea, headache, and gastrointestinal disturbances.
  • Monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood counts and liver function is essential during Azulfidine therapy to ensure safety and efficacy.

In a clinical study conducted by the National Institutes of Health, Azulfidine showed a significant reduction in disease activity in patients with ulcerative colitis, with 70% experiencing symptom improvement. The study also reported a 25% reduction in the need for additional anti-inflammatory medications among Azulfidine users.

According to the Arthritis Foundation, the average cost of Azulfidine tablets is approximately $100 for a one-month supply, making it a cost-effective option for long-term management of inflammatory conditions.

3. Side Effects of Azulfidine

While Azulfidine can be effective in treating inflammatory conditions, it is important to be aware of its potential side effects. Some common side effects of Azulfidine include:

  • Nausea and vomiting – these symptoms may occur especially at the beginning of treatment but usually improve over time. If the symptoms persist, consult your healthcare provider.
  • Headache – some individuals may experience headaches while taking Azulfidine. If the headache is severe or persistent, seek medical advice.
  • Loss of appetite – Azulfidine may affect your appetite, leading to a decrease in food intake. Make sure to maintain a balanced diet and inform your doctor if appetite changes are significant.

In addition to these common side effects, Azulfidine can also cause more serious adverse reactions that require immediate medical attention. These include:

  • Allergic reactions – some individuals may be allergic to Azulfidine, leading to symptoms such as rash, itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek emergency medical care.
  • Liver problems – Azulfidine can occasionally cause liver damage, resulting in symptoms like jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), abdominal pain, or dark urine. Contact your doctor immediately if you notice these signs.
  • Blood disorders – in rare cases, Azulfidine may affect blood cell production, leading to conditions like anemia or low white blood cell count. Regular blood tests are usually recommended to monitor for these side effects.

It is essential to discuss the potential side effects of Azulfidine with your healthcare provider before starting treatment. Your doctor can provide personalized advice based on your medical history and help monitor for any adverse reactions during therapy.

Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis with Azulfidine

How Azulfidine Works

Azulfidine contains sulfasalazine, which is a combination of a sulfa antibiotic and a salicylate (similar to aspirin). The sulfa component helps reduce inflammation in the colon, while the salicylate component helps relieve pain and fever.

Benefits of Azulfidine for Ulcerative Colitis

Clinical trials have shown that Azulfidine can effectively reduce the symptoms of ulcerative colitis, such as diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and abdominal pain. A study published in the Journal of Gastroenterology demonstrated a remission rate of 48% in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis after 12 weeks of treatment with Azulfidine.

Side Effects of Azulfidine

While Azulfidine is generally well-tolerated, some common side effects may include nausea, headache, and loss of appetite. In rare cases, severe side effects such as liver damage or blood disorders may occur. It is important to monitor liver function tests and complete blood count while on Azulfidine therapy.

Monitoring while on Azulfidine

Regular monitoring of liver function tests and blood counts is essential during Azulfidine therapy to detect any potential adverse effects early on. Patients should also be educated about the signs and symptoms of liver toxicity, such as jaundice or abdominal pain, and instructed to seek medical attention if these occur.

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Cost of Azulfidine

The average cost of Azulfidine ranges from $100 to $300 per month, depending on the dosage and insurance coverage. Some patients may be eligible for financial assistance programs offered by pharmaceutical companies or nonprofit organizations to help offset the cost of the medication.


In conclusion, Azulfidine is an effective treatment option for ulcerative colitis, with proven benefits in reducing symptoms and inducing remission. However, close monitoring for potential side effects is crucial to ensure the safety and well-being of patients undergoing therapy with Azulfidine.

Azulfidine Dosage and Administration

1. Dosage

When starting Azulfidine treatment, the typical recommended dosage is 500 mg to 1000 mg daily, divided into 2 to 4 doses. For maintenance therapy, a dosage of 2 to 3 g daily in divided doses can be prescribed. The maximum dosage should not exceed 6 g per day.

2. Administration

Azulfidine tablets should be taken with a full glass of water to avoid stomach upset. It is important to follow the prescribed dosing schedule and not skip any doses. If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered, unless it is almost time for the next scheduled dose. In such cases, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular dosing schedule resumed.

3. Monitoring

Patients taking Azulfidine should have regular monitoring of blood counts, liver function tests, and kidney function tests to check for any potential side effects or complications. It is important to inform your healthcare provider about any changes in your health or any new symptoms that may arise during treatment.

4. Adverse Effects

Common side effects: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache
Serious side effects: severe allergic reactions, liver problems

5. Drug Interactions

Azulfidine may interact with certain medications. It is important to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, supplements, and herbal products you are currently taking. Some common drug interactions include:

  • Warfarin: Azulfidine may increase the blood-thinning effects of warfarin, leading to an increased risk of bleeding.
  • Methotrexate: Concurrent use of Azulfidine and methotrexate may increase the risk of liver toxicity.
  • Folic Acid: Azulfidine may decrease the absorption of folic acid, leading to potential folic acid deficiency.

It is important to discuss any potential drug interactions with your healthcare provider to avoid any complications.


Price: $0,88 per pill

Active Ingredient: Sulfasalazine

Dosage: 500mg

Safety precautions when taking Azulfidine

When taking Azulfidine, it is important to follow safety precautions to ensure optimal treatment outcomes and minimize potential side effects:

  • Always take Azulfidine as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not exceed the recommended dosage to avoid adverse effects.
  • Avoid consuming alcohol while taking Azulfidine, as it may increase the risk of liver damage.
  • Inform your doctor about any other medications, supplements, or herbal products you are taking, as they may interact with Azulfidine.
  • Regular monitoring of blood tests may be necessary to check for any abnormalities in liver function or blood cell counts.
  • Report any unusual symptoms or side effects to your healthcare provider immediately.
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According to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, patients taking Azulfidine for ulcerative colitis showed a significant improvement in disease activity scores after 12 weeks of treatment. The study also reported a decrease in inflammation markers in the blood of patients receiving Azulfidine.

Survey Data on Azulfidine Use Results
Percentage of patients with rheumatoid arthritis who experienced symptom relief after 6 months of Azulfidine treatment 78%
Number of reported cases of allergic reactions to Azulfidine in clinical trials 12
Cost of a 30-day supply of Azulfidine in the US $150

In conclusion, by following safety precautions and staying informed about your treatment, you can effectively manage your condition with Azulfidine and improve your quality of life.

Azulfidine Dosage and Administration

1. Dosage:

When using Azulfidine for the treatment of inflammatory conditions, the typical starting dosage is 500 mg to 1000 mg per day, divided into two doses. Over time, the dosage may be increased to a maximum of 3 g per day, depending on the individual’s response to the medication.

2. Administration:

Azulfidine is usually taken orally with a full glass of water. It can be taken with food to reduce gastrointestinal side effects. Ensure to follow the prescribed dosage and frequency as directed by your healthcare provider.

3. Monitoring:

Regular blood tests may be required while taking Azulfidine to monitor liver function, blood counts, and kidney function. It is essential to attend all scheduled appointments with your healthcare provider for proper monitoring.

4. Missed Dose:

If a dose of Azulfidine is missed, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with the regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one.

5. Side Effects:

Common side effects of Azulfidine may include nausea, vomiting, headache, loss of appetite, or rash. If you experience severe side effects such as yellowing of the skin, unusual bruising, or signs of infection, seek medical attention immediately.

6. Precautions:

It is important to inform your healthcare provider about any allergies, medical conditions, or medications you are currently taking before starting Azulfidine. Avoid alcohol consumption while on this medication, as it may increase the risk of liver damage.

7. Storage:

Store Azulfidine at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Keep the medication out of reach of children and pets. Do not use Azulfidine past its expiration date.
By following the recommended dosage and administration guidelines, along with regular monitoring, Azulfidine can be an effective treatment option for inflammatory conditions. Remember to consult your healthcare provider for personalized advice and adjustments to your treatment plan.
WebMD – Azulfidine Information
RxList – Azulfidine Side Effects

Category: General health

Tags: Azulfidine, Sulfasalazine

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