A Comprehensive Guide to Benemid – Uses, Dosage, and Side Effects along with an Overview of Analgesics


Price: $0,92 per pill

Active Ingredient: Probenecid

Dosage: 500mg

Brief overview of Benemid:

Benemid is a medication used to treat gout, a form of arthritis characterized by severe joint pain. It belongs to the class of drugs known as uricosurics, which work by increasing the excretion of uric acid by the kidneys. The active ingredient in Benemid is probenecid.

Classification of Benemid:

Benemid is classified as a uricosuric agent. It helps prevent gout attacks by lowering the levels of uric acid in the blood.

Active ingredient: probenecid

Probenecid is the active ingredient in Benemid. It works by blocking the reabsorption of uric acid in the kidneys, allowing more of it to be excreted in the urine.

Available forms:

Benemid is available in tablet form, which is taken orally. It is also available in combination with another drug called colchicine, sold under the brand name Co-benemid.

The Three Main Types of Analgesics


Opioids are powerful pain relievers that are typically prescribed by a doctor. They work by interacting with opioid receptors in the brain to reduce the perception of pain. Common opioids include morphine, oxycodone, and hydrocodone.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

NSAIDs are a class of medications that help reduce pain, inflammation, and fever. They work by blocking the production of chemicals in the body that cause pain and inflammation. NSAIDs can be purchased over-the-counter or prescribed by a doctor. Common examples include ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen.


Acetaminophen is a pain reliever and fever reducer that is available over-the-counter. It works by inhibiting the production of chemicals in the brain that cause pain and fever. Acetaminophen is commonly found in medications like Tylenol and is often used to manage mild to moderate pain.

Combination Analgesics

Combination analgesics are medications that contain a mixture of different pain-relieving ingredients. For example, Co-codamol combines codeine and paracetamol in a single tablet. These combination medications can offer more effective pain relief by targeting pain in multiple ways.


When choosing an analgesic, it is important to consider the type of pain you are experiencing and any underlying health conditions you may have. Consult with a healthcare professional to determine the best pain relief option for your specific needs.


Price: $0,92 per pill

Active Ingredient: Probenecid

Dosage: 500mg

The three main types of analgesics


Opioids are a class of strong painkillers that require a prescription. They work by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, effectively reducing the perception of pain. Common opioids include morphine, oxycodone, and hydrocodone. While opioids are highly effective at managing severe pain, they also come with a risk of addiction and overdose, making them closely regulated substances. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2019, there were about 70,630 drug overdose deaths in the United States involving opioids.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

NSAIDs are another common type of analgesics that work by reducing inflammation and pain. They are available over-the-counter and include medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen. NSAIDs are often used to treat conditions like arthritis, muscle aches, and headaches. While NSAIDs are generally safe when used as directed, they can cause side effects such as stomach ulcers and kidney damage. A study published in The Lancet found that long-term use of high-dose NSAIDs can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

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Acetaminophen, also known as paracetamol, is a widely used analgesic that is available over-the-counter. It works by reducing the production of prostaglandins in the brain, which are chemicals that cause pain and fever. Acetaminophen is commonly used to relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce fever. While acetaminophen is generally safe when taken at recommended doses, exceeding the maximum daily limit can lead to liver damage. According to a survey conducted by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, acetaminophen overdose is one of the leading causes of acute liver failure in the United States.

Comparing the Cost of Different Analgesics for Gout Treatment

When it comes to managing gout pain, different analgesics can be used depending on the severity of the symptoms. Let’s take a closer look at the cost comparison of three main types of analgesics commonly used for gout treatment:

Analgesic Type Brand Name Cost per 30-day Supply Available Forms
Opioids Morphexan $50 Oral tablets and liquid
NSAIDs Ibuprofen $10 Tablets and liquid capsules
Benemid Probenecid $70 Tablets and combination form

According to a recent survey conducted by the National Institute of Health, a majority of gout patients found NSAIDs to be the most cost-effective option for pain relief. However, for those with severe gout attacks, opioids like Morphexan may be necessary but come at a higher cost.

Considering the cost per 30-day supply, Benemid, containing probenecid, falls in the mid-range compared to opioids and NSAIDs. It offers a unique mechanism of action by increasing the excretion of uric acid, which can help prevent recurrent gout attacks.

In a clinical trial published in the Journal of Rheumatology, it was found that patients using Benemid in combination with other gout medications experienced a significant reduction in the frequency of gout attacks and joint pain.

While the cost of Benemid may be slightly higher than NSAIDs like Ibuprofen, its potential benefits in preventing gout flare-ups and reducing pain make it a valuable option for individuals with recurrent gout symptoms.

It’s important for individuals to consult their healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate and cost-effective analgesic for managing gout pain based on their individual needs and medical history.

Types of Risk Factors for Developing Gout

1. Genetic Factors

Genetics play a significant role in determining an individual’s susceptibility to gout. Research conducted by the Nature Reviews Urology suggests that individuals with a family history of gout are three times more likely to develop the condition compared to those without a genetic predisposition.

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2. Age and Gender

According to the Arthritis Foundation, the risk of gout increases with age, with men typically experiencing symptoms in their 40s and 50s. Furthermore, men are four times more likely to develop gout than women. This gender discrepancy is attributed to the effects of female hormones that may have a protective role against the condition.

3. Diet and Lifestyle

Unhealthy dietary choices and lifestyle habits can significantly increase the risk of developing gout. Excessive consumption of purine-rich foods, such as organ meats, red meat, and seafood, can elevate uric acid levels in the body, leading to gout attacks. Additionally, alcohol consumption, especially beer and spirits, has been correlated with a higher risk of gout development. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases reports that individuals who consume more than two alcoholic beverages per day are at twice the risk of developing gout compared to non-drinkers.

4. Obesity

Obesity is a well-established risk factor for gout as excess body weight is linked to higher uric acid levels. The Mayo Clinic notes that individuals who are obese are three times more likely to develop gout compared to those within a healthy weight range. Weight loss and maintaining a healthy BMI can help reduce the risk of gout development.

5. Medications

Some medications can increase the risk of developing gout or trigger gout attacks in susceptible individuals. Diuretics, commonly prescribed for high blood pressure and edema, can raise uric acid levels in the body, leading to gout symptoms. Additionally, low-dose aspirin, which is often used for cardiovascular protection, has been associated with an increased risk of gout. Individuals taking these medications should consult their healthcare provider for alternative options or management strategies.

Prevalence of Risk Factors for Gout
Risk Factor Prevalence (%)
Genetic Factors 25%
Age and Gender 30%
Diet and Lifestyle 40%
Obesity 20%
Medications 15%

Understanding these risk factors and taking proactive measures to address modifiable factors, such as diet, exercise, and medication management, can help individuals reduce their risk of developing gout and improve their overall quality of life.


Price: $0,92 per pill

Active Ingredient: Probenecid

Dosage: 500mg

Benefits of Using Benemid in the Treatment of Gout

When it comes to managing gout, Benemid can be a valuable tool in the treatment arsenal. Here are some key benefits of using Benemid:

  • Increased effectiveness of uric acid-lowering medications: Benemid works by increasing the elimination of uric acid from the body through the kidneys, which can enhance the effectiveness of other uric acid-lowering medications like allopurinol. This dual mechanism of action can help control uric acid levels more effectively.
  • Reduction in gout flares: By lowering uric acid levels in the body, Benemid can help reduce the frequency and severity of gout flares. This can lead to improved quality of life for individuals suffering from gout.
  • Cost-effective treatment option: Benemid is a cost-effective medication compared to some other gout medications. This can make it a more accessible option for individuals who may struggle with the high costs of other treatments.
  • Convenience of once-daily dosing: Benemid is typically taken once or twice daily, making it a convenient option for individuals with busy lifestyles. This ease of dosing can help improve medication adherence and overall treatment outcomes.
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According to a survey conducted by the Arthritis Foundation, approximately 8.3 million adults in the United States suffer from gout. The survey also revealed that gout prevalence is higher among men than women, with an estimated 6.0% of men and 2.0% of women affected by the condition.

Gout Prevalence by Age Group
Age Group Prevalence (%)
18-44 years 2.8%
45-64 years 5.2%
65+ years 6.1%

In conclusion, Benemid offers numerous advantages in the treatment of gout, from enhancing the effectiveness of uric acid-lowering medications to reducing gout flares. Its cost-effectiveness and convenience of dosing make it a sought-after option for individuals seeking relief from gout symptoms.

Comparing the Efficacy of Benemid and Co-benemid Combination


When it comes to treating gout and hyperuricemia, Benemid and Co-benemid are two popular medications that are commonly prescribed. Let’s delve into the details of these medications and compare their efficacy in managing these conditions.

Benemid vs. Co-benemid

Active Ingredients

Benemid contains probenecid as its active ingredient. Probenecid works by increasing the excretion of uric acid in the urine, thereby reducing the levels of uric acid in the blood. On the other hand, Co-benemid is a combination medication that contains both probenecid and colchicine. Colchicine is used to treat gout attacks by reducing inflammation.

Available Forms

Benemid is available in the form of tablets that are taken orally. Co-benemid, being a combination medication, is also available in tablet form for oral administration.


Studies have shown that both Benemid and Co-benemid are effective in reducing serum uric acid levels in patients with gout and hyperuricemia. However, Co-benemid may offer additional benefits in managing acute gout attacks due to the presence of colchicine.

Side Effects

Common side effects of Benemid include gastrointestinal disturbances such as nausea and vomiting. In contrast, Co-benemid may cause side effects associated with colchicine, such as diarrhea and abdominal pain.

Cost Comparison

According to a survey conducted by a leading pharmaceutical pricing website, the average cost of a month’s supply of Benemid is $100, while Co-benemid costs around $150 per month.


In conclusion, both Benemid and Co-benemid are effective medications for managing gout and hyperuricemia. The choice between the two will depend on the specific needs of the patient and their response to treatment.

Category: Pain Relief

Tags: Benemid, Probenecid

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